Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder is a child psychological problem. Oppositional defiant disorder seen in child’s behaviour and emotions.
Child behaviour is biological as well as psychologically learned.
Risk factors for aggressive behaviour in children:
Childhood maltreatment, physical abuse, sexual abuse neglect, harsh and punitive parenting.
How to understand oppositional defiant disorder:
- Angry mood, child loses temper, gets annoyed easily, resentful.
- Argumentative and defiant behaviour: Child argues, refuses, annoys and blames.
- Because of these behavioural symptoms child and parents suffer from distress.
- Child shows negativistic, disobedient and hostile behaviour.
How common is oppositional defiant disorder?
Almost 10 – 15% children suffer from oppositional defiant disorder. Generally it is seen between the age of 5 – 12 years. Oppositional defiant disorder is more common among boys.
Why to treat oppositional defiant disorder?
Untreated oppositional defiant disorder leads to disharmony between authority (parents teacher) and child.
Where is a continuous struggle between child and the authority (parents and teacher).
Child and authority both suffer from chronic distress, it leads to psychological and emotional problems like depression, anxiety, headache, disturbed sleep, body pains, hyperacidity, high blood pressure, irritability, addiction.
Often child loses interest in studies and joins similar type of children to make bigger group. Child’s study hampers and sometime child starts using alcohol tobacco and other addictions.
How to treat oppositional defiant disorder
- Child and family psychological assessment
- Family psychological counselling
- Child psychological counselling
- Medications to treat associated psychological psychiatric problems.
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